Et al. is a New Zealand-based art collective. Although its membership and composition are by design somewhat ambiguous, its members (both individuals and sub-groups) are known to include l budd, merit gröting, lionel b, blanche ready-made, c j [arthur] craig and sons, buddholdings (nz) ltd., mythic investments (nz) ltd., roland welles, dora’s productions, minerva betts, marlene cubewell, and p mule. Some of the group’s members were active as early as 1975, but the collective itself was not formally identified until July 1995, when l budd et al. exhibited the artists in conversation with themselves at 23A Gallery, Auckland. The first show produced under the collective name et al., without citing an individual contributor, was the 2000 exhibition whilst attempting to engineer a telepathic exchange at the Hamish McKay Gallery in Wellington. Et al.’s work often deals with the problematic nature of communication and exchange, and the technologies which facilitate or hinder these processes. Their practice largely consists of installations of both found and fabricated objects, usually including an audio component. Alongside these sculptural elements, et al. make extensive use of language in their works, often combining printed material and quotations with hand-written annotations and insertions. In this capacity they draw on a wide range of sources, including critical theory, philosophy, political science and parapsychology. In 2005, et al. was selected to represent New Zealand at the Venice Biennale with their exhibition the fundamental practice.